Artificial intelligence and genomics: the Data protection implications in the use of AI for genomic diagnostics

Chiara Rauccio


This article examines the data protection risks posed by the deployment of artificial intelligence in the field of genomic diagnostics. In particular, AI systems require large sets of personal data to be trained and their outcomes may significantly impact on individuals’ fundamental rights and freedoms. At present, the EU General Data Protection Regulation offers the major protection for personal data, but its provisions might not be sufficient to keep up with the technological development. As such, additional (legal and non-legal) regulatory instruments could be necessary to enhance data subjects’ protection.


data protection; artificial intelligence; machine learning; healthcare; genomic diagnostics; GDPR; soft law; ethics

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