Gettati nell’ordine. Appunti su assoggettamento e soggettivazione in Bourdieu e Foucault

Gabriella Paolucci

Abstract


The concern of both these thinkers with the topics of power and domination indicates the possibility of a productive dialogue oriented to contemporary issues in social and political theory. Yet, the history of this encounter is characterised by the marked absence of open dialogue. Both Bourdieu and Foucault delineate their theories starting from the critique to the understanding of power both as an authoritative-legal power and voluntary obedience. For them there is no power as a kind of universal substance or attribute, but rather disciplines, power relations, norms  (Foucault) or symbolic violence (Bourdieu), which are immanent to relations between subjects (Foucault) or between dominants and dominated groups (classes, genders, etc.). Power relations and symbolic violence exist through their application on the individuals, and especially on their corps. However this is the limit of Bourdieu’s and Foucault’s agreement. Whereas Foucault has a way of denying a general rationale that governs the local power relations, Bourdieu sees the symbolic violence as strictly linked to a material dimension of domination.


Keywords


Subjection, Subjectivation, Symbolic Violence, Habitus, Power Relations.

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Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Napoli n. 37 del 05/07/2012