1939-1943. REAZIONI AI GIORNI TERRIBILI NEI GHETTI DELLA POLONIA OCCUPATA. Analisi comparata di testimonianze ritrovate dopo la Shoah

Marcella H. Ravenna

Abstract


1939-1943. Reactions to terrible days in the Nazi-occupied
ghettos in Poland. Comparing the testimonies found
after the Shoah

This study is addressed to safeguard a living memory of the
Shoah and to counter the stereotypical image of Jews killed “like
sheep being led to slaughter”. It examines as yet unexplored psychosocial
aspects, namely the fi rst-hand experiences and the reactions
to the persecution, to which a collection of eight testimonies
written in the ghettos of Poland provide evidence. Their authors were both witnesses and victims of the atrocities and didn’t survive. The main results show a remarkable dynamism in the contents examined as well as great diversity between the texts, which are remarkably focused on the present and which moderately resort to the use of stereotypical expressions to describe members of the ingroup and outgroup, a phenomenon that was not expected. Starting with expressions that show widespread awareness of the injustice and abuse of power occurring in the ghettos, the authors were engaged in providing aid and taking on active and diversifi ed social roles indicative of life-oriented culture, in great contrast with the notion of “sheep being led to slaughter”.


Keywords


Memory of Shoah; Nazi Ghettos; Testimonies; Reactions to Persecution.

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ISSN: 2465-0315

Registration with Court of Naples n. 24, dated 21.04.2015