Le forme dello spirito. La poetica artistica di Franz Marc e il destino animale

Micaela Latini


This paper intends to investigate, within the coordinates of the expressionist
movement Der blaue Reiter, Franz Marc’s art (1880-1916)
in a constant and significant comparison between the visual and theoretical
dimensions of his work (see also his correspondence with Else
Lasker-Schüler, as well as his war writings). In line with Kandinsky’s
position, Franz Marc believes each shape possesses its own ‘content-
force’. Far from being objective content, each shape is rather left
to be identified with a capability of acting as a psychological stimulus.
This content is not captured by the normal eye, but by a ‘second
sight’. It connects Umwelt and Innenwelt, which is closer to the heart
of nature. Unlike abstract art, however, Marc utilizes shapes in the
form of the Nervenkunst, whose metaphor is the animal, i.e. the undisputed
protagonist of his art.


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