Il Laocoonte e l’archeologia: Lessing, Winckelmann, Goethe e la visione dell’arte classica nel XVIII secolo

Umberto Pappalardo

Abstract


In the 18th century - when ancient art history was becoming consolidated as a discipline, moving in a jumble of metaphysical theories inherited from Counter-Reformation moralistic spirituality - the bases for a more correct critical-artistic methodology were laid particularly by Lessing, Winckelmann and Goethe. Their common denominator was direct experience, autopsy, i.e. looking at the works with their own eyes. Indeed, what seems to be methodologically more lasting and valuable in their teaching can be summed up in the Winckelmann's simple exhortation: “Go and look!”.


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